104 SOLDIERS KILLED AT FIELD IN HAWAII, read the headline in the New York Times on Monday, Dec. 8, 1941. In a special report to the Times, Frank L. Kluckhorn wrote, “Sudden and unexpected attacks on Pearl Harbor, Honolulu and other United States possessions in the Pacific early yesterday by the Japanese air force and navy plunged the United States into active war…The news of these surprise attacks fell like a bombshell on Washington. President Roosevelt immediately ordered the country and the Army and Navy onto a full war footing.”
When the losses were tallied, the Navy and Marine Corps suffered 2,340 personnel killed, along with 48 civilians, and 1,178 wounded. In addition 12 U.S. ships were sunk or beached and 9 damaged, along with 164 aircraft destroyed and 159 damaged. Approximately 1,177 of those killed were personnel serving on the USS Arizona. Of the men aboard the ship, 333 survived.
Click here to view a photograph of Notre Dame Monogram winners serving at Pearl Harbor, 1945.
For more resources and images of the events of Dec. 7, 1941, visit the Naval History and Heritage Command, the official history program of the Department of the Navy. Below, a telegram announces the news of Pearl Harbor (National Archives)